The Arab Muslims were unable to conquer the entire Christian Byzantine Empire in Asia Minor, however.
The succeeding Umayyad Caliphate attempted two failed sieges of Constantinople in 674–678 and 717–718.
The history of the Muslim world spans about 1400 years and includes a variety of socio-political developments, as well as advances in the arts, science, philosophy, and technology, particularly during the Islamic Golden Age.
but disagreements on other matters have led to appearance of different religious schools and branches within Islam.
The majority of Muslims consider the first four successors to be 'rightly guided' or Rashidun.
The Rashidun Caliphate's conquests spread Islam beyond the Arabian Peninsula, stretching from northwest India, across Central Asia, the Near East, North Africa, southern Italy, and the Iberian Peninsula, to the Pyrenees.
According to tradition, he was supposedly commanded by Allah to convey this message to the people, and to be patient with those hostile to it.
Various characters from this epic have themselves become cultural icons in Western culture, such as Aladdin, Sinbad the Sailor and Ali Baba.Another contribution was the development of fritware, originating from 9th century Iraq.Arabic: ʔalf-layl-at-wa-l’-layla= One thousand Night and (one) Night) or *Arabian Nights, a name invented by early Western translators, which is a compilation of folk tales from Sanskrit, Persian, and later Arabian fables.To browse our reports and data by subject, select from the list below.Each subject page collects all our reports published since 1983.