The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that, as of May 2008, there were over 2.2 million persons employed as servers in the United States.Women began to develop more opportunities when they moved into the paid workplace, formerly of the male domain.Those women working managerial and library or museums positions made an impact on women in the work force, but still encountered discrimination when they tried to advance.In the 1940s clerical work expanded to occupy the largest number of women employees, this field diversified as it moved into commercial service.Hence, the creation of the term "pink collar," which indicated it was not white-collar but was nonetheless an office job, one that was overwhelmingly filled by women.Pink-collar occupations tend to be personal-service-oriented worker working in retail, nursing, and teaching (depending on the level), are part of the service sector, and are among the most common occupations in the United States.The suburban housewife was encouraged to have hobbies like bread making and sewing.The 1950s housewife was in conflict between being "just a housewife" because their upbringing taught them competition and achievement, many had furthered their education deriving a sense of self-worth.
Employers also paid women less than men because they believed in the "Pin Money Theory", which said that women's earnings were secondary to that of their male counterparts.
They worked in factories and some even joined the armed forces.
These women were segregated from men in separate groups.
Although women joined the workforce they still encountered discrimination in and out of the workplace, which persisted despite anti-discrimination laws passed in the 1960s.
Women who joined the armed forces participated in every military field except combat. A typical job sought by working women was that of a telephone operator or Hello Girl.