She was the only woman to appear on the list of rulers in Afghanistan and was credited with having been one of the first and most powerful Afghan and Muslim female activists.
Queen Soraya, along with her husband's, advocacy of social reforms for women led to a protest and contributed to the ultimate demise of her and her husband's reign.
The Afghan Women's Council (AWC) (also known as the Women's Council) was an organization under the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978-87) and the Republic of Afghanistan between (1987-1992).
The majority of women, however, lived as housewives and were excluded from these opportunities.
In 1977, the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) was founded by Meena Keshwar Kamal.
Throughout the 20th century, Afghanistan continued to be a nation dominated by tribes and men continued to have ultimate control over women.
In 1973 the state was declared a republic by the progressive Mohammed Daoud Khan.