Key issues facing the Ojibwa include economic development to reduce unemployment, the defense of the wild rice industry from commercial growers, improved medical treatment to combat illnesses such as diabetes and alcoholism, better management of natural resources, protection of treaty rights and attainment of sovereignty, and increased emphasis on higher education to train specialists and renew cultural ties.The Ojibwa face the same misconceptions and stereotypes applied to other Native peoples.By the 1700s the Ojibwa, aided with guns, had succeeded in pushing the Fox south into Wisconsin.Ojibwa and Sioux fighting extended over a 100-year period until separate reservations were established.As previously noted, the people call themselves Anishinabe.This name, as with other names chosen by the peoples in question, is the preferred term.To the missionaries the Ojibwa were heathens to be converted to Christianity.To the fur traders they were commodities who could be purchased and indentured to company stores through watered-down alcohol and cheaply made goods.
The Plains Ojibwa adopted a lifestyle that resembled that of other Plains tribes, living in tepees, riding horses, and relying on buffalo for food and clothing.Croix), Montana (Rocky Boy's), and North Dakota (Turtle Mountain). While Ojibwa reserves are also found in Ontario and Saskatchewan, this account stresses their history in the United States.The Ojibwa call themselves the Anishinabeg (also spelled Anishinaabeg, or if singular, Anishinabe) for "first" or "original people." In the eighteenth century the French called Ojibwa living near the eastern shore of Lake Superior Salteaux or Salteurs, "People of the Falls." These terms now used only in Canada.Chippewa is the form used by many tribal organizations recognized by the United States.Ojibwa has become the common English language reference for encyclopedias and entries on this group of peoples.