Jobs and several Apple employees, including Jef Raskin, visited Xerox PARC in December 1979 to see the Xerox Alto.Xerox granted Apple engineers three days of access to the PARC facilities in return for the option to buy 100,000 shares (800,000 split-adjusted shares) of Apple at the pre-IPO price of a share.However, it receives significant criticism regarding the labor practices of its contractors and its environmental and business practices, including the origins of source materials.Apple's first product, the Apple I, invented by Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, was sold as an assembled circuit board and lacked basic features such as a keyboard, monitor, and case.It has been suggested that the combination of these three products were responsible for the creation of the desktop publishing market.
The company's hardware products include the i Phone smartphone, the i Pad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the i Pod portable media player, the Apple Watch smartwatch, the Apple TV digital media player, and the Home Pod smart speaker.
A race broke out between the Lisa team and the Macintosh team over which product would ship first.
Lisa won the race in 1983 and became the first personal computer sold to the public with a GUI, but was a commercial failure due to its high price tag and limited software titles.
It differed from its major rivals, the TRS-80 and Commodore PET, because of its character cell-based color graphics and open architecture.
While early Apple II models used ordinary cassette tapes as storage devices, they were superseded by the introduction of a 5 ¼ inch floppy disk drive and interface called the Disk II.